Modelled probability of human-deer (Cervus elaphus) encounters based on landscape features. Spatial grain= 20 m. The darker the colour, the greater the probability of encounters occurring. The hatched area is currently not accessible by deer but was included for the mapping of the spatial model. Area outlined in blue is an old deer refuge area that may be reopened in future. Data collected from Lyme Park, Disley, UK, in 2018.

  Part of: Dixon G, Marriott AS, Stelfox G, Dunkerley C, Batke SP (2021) How do red deer react to increased visitor numbers? A case study on human-deer encounter probability and its effect on cortisol stress responses. Nature Conservation 43: 55-78.