Global agricultural land use change between 1961 and 2017. Source: authors’ own editing based on the database of the FAO (FAO 2020c). Agricultural land is limited and further expansion can be hardly expected, since the creation of agricultural land is accompanied by deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats. At the same time, competition for agricultural land has increased significantly, especially with the appearance of biofuels. This has led to the food versus fuel debate in the past decades (Horton et al. 2019).

  Part of: Fróna D, Szenderák J, Harangi-Rákos M (2021) Economic effects of climate change on global agricultural production. Nature Conservation 44: 117-139.