Number of lions in captivity in the Free State, South Africa, from 2017–2020. The numbers are based on the unique microchip numbers of the lions per year (grey) and coloured in red if microchip numbers were not available. Note that the same animals may appear in more than one year, if, for example, permits were renewed.

  Part of: Heinrich S, Gomez L, Green J, de Waal L, Jakins C, D'Cruze N (2022) The extent and nature of the commercial captive lion industry in the Free State province, South Africa. Nature Conservation 50: 203-225.