Exports from (red) and imports to (blue) the Free State, South Africa, from 2017–2020, with the circles weighted by the logarithm of the number of lions transported between provinces. The numbers in the pie charts represent the number of transported lions.

  Part of: Heinrich S, Gomez L, Green J, de Waal L, Jakins C, D'Cruze N (2022) The extent and nature of the commercial captive lion industry in the Free State province, South Africa. Nature Conservation 50: 203-225. https://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.50.85292