Drivers to fragmentation, note the settlements in the valley and cleared forest in the background and fore ground for crop farming and grazing, respectively (A) and small scale maize and banana fields within the forest in (B).

  Part of: Ojoyi MM, Odindi J, Mutanga O, Abdel-Rahman EM (2016) Analysing fragmentation in vulnerable biodiversity hotspots in Tanzania from 1975 to 2012 using remote sensing and fragstats. Nature Conservation 16: 19-37.